Advantages and Disadvantages of Graphite As an EDM Graphite Electrode

Graphite is the most commonly used electrode material for EDM applications. It has some great advantages, including low cost, good electrical conductivity, and fast machinability. However, graphite also has disadvantages. For instance, it has a high melting point. This means that it has a limited ability to be reused. In addition, it is susceptible to mechanical shock.

Copper, on the other hand, has a melting point of 1,100degC. That makes it less expensive to produce. Additionally, copper is a recyclable material.

The physical properties of graphite and copper affect the performance of EDM operations. While the former has a higher melting point, it has a lower coefficient of linear expansion. These characteristics make it less likely to deform under heat. They also make it less prone to thermal shock.

Another advantage of graphite is its low density. As a result, it can be milled into small pieces that are easier to process. Using these small pieces can reduce the wear rate of the EDM process.

Graphite also has excellent dimensional accuracy. Compared with copper, it is able to achieve a near mirror finish without using powder additives.

A high melting point is one of the major reasons why graphite is a common EDM electrode. However, this also means that the material is vulnerable to abnormal discharge. To avoid this, quality flushing and negative polarity machining can help to reduce the risk of such incidents.

Unlike copper, graphite is resistant to thermal shock. Furthermore, the electrode can retain its shape at high temperatures.

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